Most of the enzyme exfoliations, or peelings, are performed by the esthetician during a facial treatment. The peelings help to remove the outer dead, dry cells from the surface so the skin is softer and smoother. It can ease the removal of blackheads by removing the dead cells that may be covering the pore opening.
It opens the ostium, or follicle, which may be blocked by cellular debris, and helps prevent the formation of whiteheads (which occur in covered pores).
Enzyme peelings are made primarily from the active plant enzymes which have the properties of dissolving and digesting non-living matter. The most common are papain (papaya), bromelain (pineapple), comfrey, seaweed, pepsin, pancreatic enzymes, etc. Certain peelings may also be formulated to brighten the complexion, reduce, (not remove) pigmentation spots, refine the skin and improve the skin’s respiration. These peelings do not disturb skin cells. They come in the form of creams, gels, powders, liquids.
This type of product is used mostly by trained estheticians/beauty therapists and some of the milder ones may be available through her for home use. The over-the-counter exfoliants are generally the type with fine or gritty particles in them but we have found that people tend to over use them and leave their skin dry or irritated. Because of this, we prefer to see exfoliants used in the salon.