Could you give me some information on permanent eyeliner? Is it painful to have done and is it safe?

Usually this procedure is carried out by a plastic surgeon or ophthalmologist although some dermatologists offer it as well. It is performed in the doctor’s office and takes approximately one-half to three-quarters of an hour.

For this procedure, a specialized needle is used to inject tiny dots of a non-toxic color at the base of the lashes between the follicles. An iron oxide or other natural pigment is used, most commonly, black or brown, and the color lasts for a number of years.

The effect of the liner is to enhance the eye in the way that regular eyeliner does. This treatment is helpful to those with poor eyesight or who, for some other reason such as arthritic fingers, find it difficult to put on eye makeup. It is also helpful for those who have allergies to makeup. Another advantage is that it reduces the time it takes to apply your makeup.

There are some possible risks involved and these must be considered. Following the treatment, there may be temporary tenderness, swelling or bruising. Adverse reactions could include infection, allergy to the pigment, bleeding in the lids, the loss of some lashes or the migration of the pigment to the lymphatic sytem. There is also the possibility of scarring.

Before the treatment, you should have to sign a form of consent for the doctor stating that you are over 21, that you understand the procedure and that you have been made aware of the risks and possible complications. Your doctor will likely have some suggestions for you to follow beforehand. Arrive without any makeup on and don’t have a large meal prior to the treatment. As with cosmetic surgery, you will have to pay on or before the appointment date.

My skin has broken out quite a bit in the last few months. What could be the cause of this? I am not an adolescent anymore (I’m 20), use good skin-care products and cosmetics, and I’m in good health. I’m a bit overweight but I’ve been on a 900-calorie diet since before the summer. I exercise some but not consistently.

From what you’ve told us, it seems that the only change has been your diet. Is this diet balanced to include all the food groups or is it a crash diet? Because your skin is a functioning organ and not just a covering for your body, there is a direct relationship between the quality of your diet and your skin’s health and beauty. It is a popularly held belief that if you avoid chocolate, fried foods, etc., your skin shouldn’t break out, but this isn’t entirely so. The skin has nutritional requirements just like the rest of the body and if these are not met, its functioning and appearance can be affected. For example, some forms of acne can show improvement when Vitamin A or zinc are added to the diet. Proteins are vital for growth and maintenance and provide the building blocks for the formation of new skin cells to replace the old. Nutrients are inter-related and interdependent so carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals have to be included. By percentage, water makes up the largest portion of the body’s substance so an abundant intake is a must.

Fad or crash diets in which you restrict your intake to only a few foods such as grapefruit and bananas or are limited to proteins and few carbohydrates become popular because they work quickly, but only temporarily. They pose a danger to general good health, and this shows quickly on the skin. Even if you are balancing your food intake, it is unlikely that you are getting all the nutrients that you need on only 900 calories daily. These diets also deprive the body of essential fluids that many foods provide. Your body will draw the necessary fluids from the skin thus aging it more quickly, causing it to wrinkle and sag. Often when people go on drastic weight loss diets, they become constipated and this can lead not only to bloating and discomfort, but also to blemishes on the skin.

For a successful weight-loss program without harmful side effects, eat a well-balanced diet of protein sources, vegetables, fruits, and grains in adequate amounts. Learn new eating habits instead of crash dieting. Drink plenty of water and exercise regularly (at least every other day) to balance your intake with your output. Exercise is also important in bringing a fresh supply of blood to the skin, providing oxygen and other nutrients. We suggest that you seek professional guidance to help you choose the best diet based on your present weight, height, state of health, medical history, etc. There are some doctors now who specialize in nutritional health. Others to see are dieticians, nutritionists or naturopaths.

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