Is eye cream applied only at night? Do I have to use eye cream or can I use my face cream for the eye area?

Many cosmetic manufacturers have two to three types of eye creams. They can be for protection and moisturizing, toning and strengthening, or for puffiness and they come in gels, creams, sticks or lotions. Depending upon your preference, you may want two eye creams.

Apply them very sparingly (approximately half a baby nail is plenty for both eyes). If you apply the cream too heavily on the lids it can interfere with the excretion of the skin’s natural oils causing milia (small whiteheads). The milia may also be caused by too heavy pressure in the area, so touch very lightly. Using your ring finger (it is the weakest), apply the cream without pressure or pulling starting from the bridge of the nose along the upper brow bone to the temples and from there beneath the eyes towards the nose.

Moisturizers and under-makeup bases for the face are generally heavier and consist of different emollients than eye creams. The texture of the skin in the eye area is finer, thinner and much more sensitive than the remaining facial skin. The eye creams are specially prepared delicate emulsions that can spread easily and contain valuable extracts for firming and protection and contain very little perfume or other irritating ingredients.

What is the best lotion to use for oily skin – clarifying lotions or astringents?

The products known as clarifying lotions, astringents, fresheners, toners, pore minimizers, refining lotions. etc. are similar to each other. They are usually used after the cleansing process. You must be aware of what each skin-care manufacturer is promoting in order to determine which lotion is best for you. For instance, the cleansing product of a company may be a cream which needs to be tissued off and the lotion to be used afterward is formulated to remove any traces of cleanser that is left on the skin. Other products make the skin feel smoother, tighter or have moisturizing ingredients in them. Some have a sloughing or exfoliating properties or they promote a rosy glow by stimulating the circulation. Some have antibacterial properties and some help to bring the Ph of the surface skin back to normal after washing. Many contain alcohol (some 10 per cent and others 75 per cent), others contain only herbs, essential oils, soothing ingredients, etc.

When selecting one, read the labels carefully to see what you are getting. If you want something soothing, it should say on the label that it is mild, for sensitive skin, non-irritating, gentle, etc. If you want to get rid of dead skin cells, look for one that mentions sloughing or exfoliation on the label. Keep in mind that the more alcohol in the product, the more drying it usually will tend to be.