I am 48 years old and I have wrinkles. Will collagen creams diminish the wrinkles or should I purchase the collagen you can inject?

Collagen is a natural protein and one of the principal constituents of connective tissue (the other main one is elastin). These give the skin its ability to retain its shape. These fibres maintain their elasticity with high quantities of water. Damage to them, especially from too much sun, can lead to wrinkling and sagging of the skin. The collagen used in creams, usually from animal sources, cannot replace collagen lost from the bottom layers of the skin, but it has the ability to increase the skin’s capacity to retain fluid. The list of ingredients should state that it is a “soluble collagen,” or “hydrolized collagen” so that it may penetrate better. By keeping water at a higher level, your skin will have a more youthful and softer appearance. Hydrolized collagen makes a product more expensive, but you need to use only a little of the cream at each application. The collagen that is injected is a medical procedure done by a doctor.

Collagen injections are recommended for any deep furrows between the eyebrows, along the mouth area, etc. Other areas that may be aided by collagen injections are scars from acne, or surgery or those as a result of accidents. Since a very small number of people are sensitive to collagen or the solution in which the collagen is injected, a skin test is done. Collagen injections are not a permanent replacement or cure for your wrinkles, because in time the body will absorb it and you will ahve to have the area done again. The injections are not something you can do on your own.

I have a problem regarding dark callused areas on each of my knees. Is there a simple way that I could lighten and smooth down the area so that it would not be so noticeable?

The first step is to reduce the callus by using a buff-puff sponge, cleansing grains or a loofah sponge. The skin will come off better if it has been softened first with water, then use the rough skin remover. These products should be used with minimal pressure and in a circular motion. It is better to remove a little at a time rather than too much, otherwise skin may become tender. After each cleansing – to be done once a day for approximately two to three weeks – apply a generous amount of a moisturizing cream that contains urea or lactic acid. Once the dry, scaly area is removed, the skin will look a lot lighter.

Once the knees are back to normal, they should be scrubbed at least twice a week and frequently moisturized to keep the skin supple and soft. Should one apply regular cream underneath sun lotion?

Always apply your protective skin cream underneath sun lotion. Moisturizer or protective cream regulates the evaporation of water and saturates the surface skin, and the suncream stays on the surface where it’s supposed to be to reflect the UV rays of the sun.

Does perfumed soap cause sunburns?

The chemicals and perfumes in some deodorant and regular soaps can react with the sun to cause severe sunburns or other photosensitive reactions. This does not happen with all soaps or all people, but to prevent a reaction you could change to a milder, non-deodorant soap and unscented cleanser and do not bathe before going into the sun.